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September 20, 2010

Effect of vitamin supplements on HIV shedding in breast milk

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: "Conclusions: VA/BC [vitamin A and β-carotene] supplementation in lactating women increases the HIV load in breast milk. This finding contributes to explaining the adverse effect of VA/BC on mother-to-child transmission. β-Carotene appears to have an effect on breast-milk viral load, independent of preformed vitamin A."